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Analytical Investigation on the Rotational Speed Dependence of the Rotordynamic Fluid Force: The Case of Concentric Circular Whirl in the Annular Plain Seal

[+] Author Affiliations
Atsushi Ikemoto, Kazukiyo Sakamoto, Tsuyoshi Inoue

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Masaharu Uchiumi

JAXA, Kakuda, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2016-66688, pp. V007T09A011; 7 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5061-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Rotordynamic (RD) fluid forces of various kinds of seals has been investigated and reported by Childs [1], Iwatsusbo [2][3] and so on, because it has significant influence on the stability of rotating machinery. Those studies were carried out at lower speeds than the actual machines because of various restrictions such as the limitations of the experimental unit. Then, extrapolation approximations using the obtained results were used to predict the RD fluid force of the actual machines. However, when the rotor vibration is analyzed for the high speed rotating shaft such as a rocket turbopump, a more accurate evaluation of the rotational speed dependence of the derived RD fluid force is desired.

In this study, the rotational speed dependence of RD fluid forces in the case of the concentric circular whirl in the annular plain seal is investigated. As a result, the characteristics of these fluid forces vary with the rotational speed significantly. In addition, the strong dependencies of RD fluid force coefficients calculated from these fluid forces on the rotational speed are observed. It is revealed that the changes of the RD fluid force coefficients to rotational speed were modeled by using the quadratic function.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Fluids , Whirls



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