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Investigation of the Effect of the Top and the Bottom Temperatures on the Performance of Humidification Dehumidification Desalination Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Naef Qasem, Binash Imteyaz, M. A. Antar

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Paper No. IMECE2016-67985, pp. V06AT08A051; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67985
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Energy
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5058-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Humidification dehumidification process is an attractive small scale water desalination technique in which desalinated water is produced by mimicking the nature’s water cycle. Various modifications to the basic HDH system can be vital in improving the productivity and reducing the production cost of the fresh water. In this study, a closed-air-open-water water-heated (CAOW-WH) cycle and a closed-air-open-water air-heated (CAOW-AH) cycle are modeled and optimized. Effects of mass flow ratio, humidifier and dehumidifier effectiveness, relative humidity, top and bottom temperatures (main concern of study) on the gain output ratio (GOR), the recovery ratio (RR), entropy generation in the system have been analyzed and presented. It has been observed that an optimal mass flow ratio exists for both the cycles, which maximizes the GOR of the system. Moreover, effectiveness of the humidifier and the dehumidifier is an important parameter, which determines the productivity of the systems. Furthermore, a higher GOR can be obtained at low Tmin and high Tmax and at high Tmin and low Tmax for systems heated by a water heater, whereas the GOR of the air heated HDH system increases with increasing both the Tmin and the Tmax for values of humidifier and dehumidifier effectiveness of 0.8. This study provide extended design charts for building an optimum HDH system to produce a pre-determined rate of desalinated water.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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