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Hydrogen Generation From Acetic Acid Catalyzed Magnesium Hydride Using an On-Demand Hydrogen Reactor

[+] Author Affiliations
Tien-Chien Jen, Joshua Adeniran, Esther Akinlabi, Johan De Koker

University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

Chung-Hsing Chao

Ta-Hwa University of Science and Technology, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Yen-Hsi Ho

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Paper No. IMECE2016-66459, pp. V06AT08A034; 5 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Energy
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5058-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This study reports an acetic acid catalyzed hydrolysis reaction for hydrogen generation from magnesium hydride (MgH2) using an on-demand hydrogen reactor. Acetic acid, a weak and benign organic acid, has been reported as a single catalyst in hydrolysis reaction for hydrogen generation using other substrates, but this is the first study where acetic acid has been employed as a catalyst in a magnesium hydride hydrolysis reaction for hydrogen generation. In this study, the effects of MgH2 weight, acetic acid concentration and external temperature on hydrogen generation from MgH2 were examined. The results of the hydrolysis reaction indicated that the weight of MgH2 was the major factor influencing hydrogen generation, followed by the concentration of acetic acid while the effect of external temperature was insignificant. Similarly, hydrogen yield was proportional to the weight of MgH2 with a reported maximum hydrogen yield at each weight been: 0.4g (∼ 0.07 L); 0.8 g (∼ 0.125 L) and 1.2 g (∼1.285 L). The successful use of acetic acid in the study reinforced the versatility of the on-demand hydrogen reactor and as a scalable technology for hydrogen generation.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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