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Exergy Analysis of a Novel Cryogenic Concept for the Liquefaction of Natural Gas Integrated Into an Air Separation Process

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Tesch, T. Morosuk, G. Tsatsaronis

Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Paper No. IMECE2016-67221, pp. V06AT08A030; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67221
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Energy
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5058-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The increasing demand for primary energy leads to a growing market of natural gas and the associated market for liquefied natural gas (LNG) increases, too. The liquefaction of natural gas is an energy- and cost-intensive process. After exploration, natural gas, is pretreated and cooled to the liquefaction temperature of around −160°C.

In this paper, a novel concept for the integration of the liquefaction of natural gas into an air separation process is introduced. The system is evaluated from the energetic and exergetic points of view. Additionally, an advanced exergy analysis is conducted. The analysis of the concepts shows the effect of important parameters regarding the maximum amount of liquefiable of natural gas and the total power consumption. Comparing the different cases, the amount of LNG production could be increased by two thirds, while the power consumption is doubled. The results of the exergy analysis show, that the introduction of the liquefaction of natural gas has a positive effect on the exergetic efficiency of a convetional air separation unit, which increases from 38% to 49%.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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