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Performance Evaluation of Novel Spline-Curved Blades of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Based on the Savonius Concept

[+] Author Affiliations
Michele Mari, Mauro Venturini

Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

Asfaw Beyene

San Diego State University, San Diego, CA

Paper No. IMECE2016-65122, pp. V06AT08A014; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-65122
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Energy
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5058-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

In this study, we present the results of a two-dimensional fluid-dynamic simulation of novel rotor geometry with spline function which is derivative of the traditional S-shape Savonius blade. A Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) analysis is conducted using the Spalart-Allmaras turbulent model, validated using experimental data released by Sandia National Laboratory. Results are presented in terms of dimensionless torque and power coefficients, assuming a wind speed of 7 m/s and height and rotor diameter of 1 m. Furthermore, analysis of the forces acting on the rotor is conducted by evaluating frontal and side forces on each blade, and the resultant force acting on the central shaft. A qualitative representation of the vorticity around the traditional and spline rotor is shown to prove that the novel blade is more “flow-friendly”, thus the air flow is less turbulent through the rotor. Finally, energy conversion capability of the Savonius turbines is estimated in parametric form for both the traditional and spline-curved geometry.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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