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CFD Analysis and Experimental Investigation of a Heavy Duty D.I. Diesel Engine Exhaust System

[+] Author Affiliations
Kareem Emara, Ahmed Emara

Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

Elsayed Abdel Razek

Misr University for Science & Technology, Cairo, Egypt

Paper No. IMECE2016-65750, pp. V06AT08A004; 9 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Energy
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5058-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Exhaust manifold is one of the most critical components of an internal combustion engines and overall engine performance can be obtained from the proper optimized design of engine inlet and exhaust systems. In this study two exhaust system models with different configuration (the existing as base one and the modified one) are simulated using ANSYS-CFX 15 with the appropriate boundary conditions and fluid properties specified to the system with suitable assumptions. The model is based on solving NAVIERE STOKES and energy equations in conjunction with the standard K-ε turbulence model. The first design is a single pipe receives exhaust gases from all runners and delivers the exhaust gases to turbocharger inlet. But the second design consists of two tubes each of one receives the exhaust gases coming from the three cylinders only. This design makes the intensity of the exhaust pulses of high pressure, which leads to increase the speed of the turbocharger. The uniformity of the flow field and back pressure variations in the two models are discussed in. A decrease in backpressure and increase in velocities are shown using the pressure contour and the velocity contour in the exhaust manifold as well as temperature distribution inside the exhaust manifold system. The best design is also simulated at different engine speed. Finally the modified model with limited back pressure was fabricated and experiments are carried out on a fully instrumented six cylinder in line water cooled heavy duty direct injection diesel engine; (350 hp@2200 rpm and 1400 Nm@1350 rpm).The pressure and temperature are measured at definite points in the exhaust gas manifold. The results obtained by experimental work were compared with the analytic CFD and found to be closely matching with accepted error.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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