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Non-Parametric Identification of Asymmetric Signals and Characterization of a Class of Non-Linear Systems Based on Frequency Modulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Václav Ondra, Christoph W. Schwingshackl

Imperial College London, London, UK

Ibrahim A. Sever

Rolls-Royce plc., Derby, UK

Paper No. IMECE2016-65229, pp. V04BT05A010; 10 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Dynamics, Vibration, and Control
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5055-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by Rolls-Royce plc


Non-parametric and parametric identification of a non-linear system is often performed by estimating instantaneous amplitude and frequency using the Hilbert transform. However, the Hilbert transform cannot be used for the accurate analysis of asymmetric signals and the reliable estimation of intra-wave frequency modulation. This paper proposes two alternatives to the Hilbert transform which not only avoid some of its mathematical and numerical issues, but also allow the above mentioned analyses. The first method, based on zero-crossing, allows the backbone and damping curves as well as the elastic and damping force characteristics of an asymmetric free decay to be identified. The application and accuracy of this method are demonstrated on the free decay of the system with off-centre clearance. The second method, based on direct quadrature, estimates intrawave frequency modulation frequency with sufficient resolution for characterization of non-linear systems which have stiffness non-linearities. The use of this method is shown on a system with cubic hardening stiffness.

Copyright © 2016 by Rolls-Royce plc



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