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Experimental and Theoretical Modeling of Cargo Sloshing During Braking

[+] Author Affiliations
José Antonio Romero Navarrete

Queretaro Autonomous University, Queretaro, Mexico

Frank Otremba

Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany

Paper No. IMECE2016-65698, pp. V04BT05A002; 6 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Dynamics, Vibration, and Control
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5055-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Taking into account a multitude of experimental and theoretical studies reported in the literature, the braking efficiency of road tankers can be affected by the sloshing forces developed by the carried liquid during such maneuvers, as a result of the dynamic pressures exerted by the sloshing liquid on the vehicle containers walls, and of the shifting of the liquid center of gravity. However, such studies have not involved a full scale experiment. In this paper, a simplified model is proposed to study the effect of the sloshing dynamics on a road tanker braking efficiency. Results from this simplified approach, are compared with data from full scale testing, revealing that the simplified model is good to predict the maximum pressure that the sloshing liquid exerts on one of the vehicle chambers. The simplified model considers a straight truck and a pendulum analogy for the sloshing liquid, whose parameters are derived from a validated methodology to predict the sloshing frequency of the fluid within its container. Simulation of non-sloshing cargo further suggests that the stopping time can be increased by 7 % due to the sloshing cargo.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Modeling , Braking , Sloshing



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