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Impact of Different Operating Conditions on the Dynamic Excitation of a High Head Francis Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Markus Eichhorn, Eduard Doujak

TU Wien, Vienna, Austria

Paper No. IMECE2016-65625, pp. V04AT05A035; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-65625
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4A: Dynamics, Vibration, and Control
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5054-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Fatigue analysis becomes more important in the design phase of Francis turbine runners due to the changing requirements on hydropower plants, affected by the increasing amount of volatile energy sources. Francis turbines are operated more often and over longer periods of time at off-design conditions to provide regulating power to the electric grid. The lifetime of a Francis runner depends mainly on the dynamic excitation induced by unsteady pressure pulsations like the rotor-stator interaction or draft tube vortex ropes. An approach using one-way coupled fluid-structure interactions has been developed and is now extended using unsteady CFD simulations as well as harmonic and transient FEM computations. The results are compared to strain gauge measurements on the according high head Francis turbine to validate the overall procedure. The investigations should be further used to perform a fatigue analysis and to examine the applicability for lifetime investigations on Francis machines with different specific speeds.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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