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CFD Analysis Comparing Steady Flow and Pulsatile Flow Through the Aorta and its Main Branches

[+] Author Affiliations
John D. Martin

Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH

Paper No. IMECE2016-67155, pp. V003T04A064; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67155
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5053-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study has been done comparing pulsatile and non-pulsatile blood flow through the aortic arch and its main branches. The pulsatile flow was to mimic the blood flow due to a beating heart and the non-pulsatile or steady flow was to mimic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The purpose of the study was too narrow in on possible reasons CPB may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. The main focus of the study was to look at the wall shear stress (WSS) values due to their close association with the development of atherosclerosis. In addition velocity and pressure data were also analyzed. The results of this study showed a stark contrast between the WSS values between the CPB model and the beating heart model. The CPB model did not have any points of oscillating WSS combined with the fact that there were regions of very high and very low constant WSS values in comparison with the beating heart analysis suggests that there may be potential for atherosclerotic development or plaque buildup within the artery. The beating heart model showed a range of WSS values within the aorta that were much lower overall compared with the CPB model.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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