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Research on Evaluation of Mental Stress Level Using a Modified Duffing Oscillator

[+] Author Affiliations
Kentaro Miyago, Kenyu Uehara, Koji Mori, Takashi Saito

Yamaguchi University, Ube, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2016-66215, pp. V003T04A062; 5 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5053-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


The decrease of arousal level has led to serious accidents in driving and operation of machine. A system to accurately evaluate arousal level in real time is required to prevent such accidents. In this paper, we examined whether parameters of the mathematical model, which are determined in each time shifting window using EEG data could be used as a method to evaluate the arousal level. The modified Duffing oscillator was proposed as a mathematical model to perform simplified parameters calculation and identification. It was applied to EEG data, which is obtained by EEG acquisition experimentation in alternative repeat of relaxed and concentrated state. As a result of the parameters identification in theta band, alpha band, beta band, and 4–30 Hz band, it is shown that each parameter is repeating increase and decrease with time progress of each experiment. Especially, the relationship between the conventional arousal level and parameter B, which is the coefficient of the proportional term in the modified Duffing oscillator shows a significant correlation. It is suggested that parameter B of the modified Duffing oscillator would evaluate the arousal level. Since this evaluation method of arousal level does not require analyzing for each band, it can be used to calculate the arousal level in real time.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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