Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Non-Destructive and Failure Responses of Cervical Spine Artificial Disc Surgery for Military Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Narayan Yoganandan, Jason Moore, Jamie L. Baisden, Frank A. Pintar

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

B. Joseph McEntire, Valeta Carol Chancey

U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Fort Rucker, AL

Paper No. IMECE2016-66705, pp. V003T04A038; 9 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5053-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Ossification patters, non-destructive and failure responses of cervical artificial discs were determined using an in vivo Caprine model. The animals were anesthetized, discectomies were done at C3–C4, and Bryan disc, ProDisc-C, or anterior discectomy and fusion with plating (ACDF) was done. They were euthanized after monitoring for six months. Non-destructive loads were applied to the excised cervical columns in flexion, extension and lateral bending, combined with compression. The failure test was done under compression-flexion. X-rays and computed tomography scans were used to determine fusion. Force-displacement data for both artificial discs were grouped based on the presence or absence of heterotopic ossifications. They were compared with the ACDF specimens. Heterotopic ossifications occurred in both discs. Patterns of ossification were similar to those reported in civilian patients. Force-displacement responses of ossified spines were stiffer in all modes for both discs. However, differences were non-uniform. Biomechanical corridors are presented for all cases. The present preliminary study should be extended to discern the role of the disc type, loading mode and spinal level in future research.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In