Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effects of Anatomical Site and Loading Rate on Tensile Behavior of Fiber Bundles Isolated From Nerve Roots

[+] Author Affiliations
Atsutaka Tamura, Mizuki Sakaya, Takao Koide

Tottori University, Koyama-minami, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2016-66016, pp. V003T04A035; 7 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5053-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


The present study has investigated the characteristics of the tensile behavior of fiber bundles isolated from the spinal nerve roots. By conducting a series of uniaxial stretching tests at three different velocities, 0.2, 2, and 20 mm/s, we found a significant difference (P < 0.05) in failure strain (∼0.15), linear portion of elastic modulus (∼20 MPa), and tensile strength (∼2 MPa) between low (0.2 mm/s) and high (20 mm/s) loading rates. However, it was revealed that mechanical properties of fiber bundles were resultantly on the order of the same magnitude, indicating that their mechanical responses were relatively insensitive to a strain rate irrespective of a 100-fold increase in the applied stretching velocities. It was also confirmed that the “spinal level effect” does exist in the nerve roots, i.e., a fiber bundle isolated from the thoracic spinal level is the strongest in mechanical strength compared to that of the cervical and lumbar spinal levels (P < 0.01), which suggests we should pay more close attention to an anatomical site where excised samples are obtained. The mechanical data obtained here will be useful to improve a mathematical human body model and to assess the potential injury in crash simulations relevant to whiplash associated disorder.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Fibers



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In