0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Modeling and Simulation of Shoulder-Humerus Complex via Multibody Dynamics for a Walking Elder Using a Cane

[+] Author Affiliations
Shanzhong (Shawn) Duan

Saint Martin’s University, Lacey, WA

Paper No. IMECE2016-67173, pp. V003T04A029; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67173
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5053-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The shoulder is a very mobile joint. Because of the mobility, the shoulder is considered to have an inherent weakness. The joint consists of three major bones, the clavicle, scapula and humerus. These bones are more commonly called the collarbone, shoulder blade, and upper arm bone, respectively. Collectively, the shoulder is referred to as the scapula-humeral-clavicle complex. The joint between the humerus and scapula is a ball-socket joint. The joint between the scapula and acromial process allows for some movement but is primarily fixed. The ligaments, tendons, and muscles surround the shoulder to provide stability, movement, and limit the amount of rotation.

In this paper, a multibody dynamics model of the shoulder-upper arm complex is presented. Three major bones clavicle, scapula, and Humerus in the shoulder-upper arm complex are represented by rigid bodies. The soft tissues such as tendons, ligaments, and muscles are modeled as springs and actuators respectively attached to the rigid bodies. The joints between the bones are expressed as ideal kinematic joints. Kane’s equations are then used to derive equations of motion of this multibody system. Based on the model, an elder who uses a cane with his or her shoulder-upper arm complex force to support his or her upper body weight during walking is analyzed. Commercial computer software is used to create the multibody shoulder-upper arm complex computational model and then carry out simulation. The model may be utilized in motion analysis of elderly people and sports medicine to study fatigue mechanism and prevent injuries of the shoulder-upper arm complex.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In