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Effect of Axial Sweep and Tip Extension on Performance of an Axial Fan

[+] Author Affiliations
Ankit Bhai Patel, K. Viswanath, Dhyanjyoti Deb Nath

IIT Madras, Chennai, India

Paper No. IMECE2016-65967, pp. V001T03A059; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-65967
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5051-0
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Performance enhancement in terms of stall margin increment, increased pressure rise coefficient and increased efficiency is of great need for low speed axial fans. Stacking line modifications in terms of sweep, skew, dihedral or combination of these, as well as blade tip geometry modifications are assumed to be one of the ways to achieve finite performance improvement. Non radial stacking of blade profiles modifies secondary flows, tip vortex effects, hub passage vortex and thus affects aerodynamic performance parameters such as stall margin, efficiency, pressure rise, blade loading. In literature many studies have confined to comparison of few cases which led to conflicting results as modification of stacking line may have different effects in different cases. In the present work, comparison of performance of axial fan rotor with three different blade configurations BSL (baseline), SWP (swept blade) and EXTN (swept blade with extended tip) are considered. The BSL configuration is designed on basis of non-free vortex design. The SWP configuration is obtained by shifting radial stacking line of the BSL in axial flow direction by 10° (Forward sweep). The EXTN configuration is obtained by extending tip profile on pressure surface as well as suction surface by 3% locally. Experiments have been conducted on these three configurations to study effects of these modifications on aerodynamic performance. The flow field has been surveyed using Kiel probe, Three hole pressure probe at many flow rates starting from fully open to fully closed. Unsteady flow analysis at exit of rotors of all configurations is carried out using fast response pressure probe. Experimental results show slight performance improvement in terms of increased stall margin, efficiency, as well as total pressure rise for SWP rotor as well as EXTN rotor compared to BSL rotor at low flow coefficients.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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