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Design and Analysis of a Robotic Modular Leg Mechanism

[+] Author Affiliations
Wael Saab, Pinhas Ben-Tzvi

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. DETC2016-59388, pp. V05AT07A062; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5A: 40th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5015-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This paper presents the design and analysis of a reduced degree-of-freedom Robotic Modular Leg (RML) mechanism used to construct a quadruped robot. This mechanism enables the robot to perform forward and steering locomotion with fewer actuators than conventional quadruped robots. The RML is composed of a double four-bar mechanism that maintains foot orientation parallel to the base and decouples actuation for simplified control, reduced weight and lower cost of the overall robotic system. A passive suspension system in the foot enables a stable four-point contact support polygon on uneven terrain. Foot trajectories are generated and synchronized using a trot and modified creeping gait to maintain a constant robot body height, horizontal body orientation, and provide the ability to move forward and steer. The locomotion principle and performance of the mechanism are analyzed using multi-body dynamic simulations of a virtual quadruped and experimental results of an integrated RML prototype.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Design , Robotics



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