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A MEMS Microphone Using Repulsive Force Sensors

[+] Author Affiliations
Mehmet Ozdogan, Shahrzad Towfighian

Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY

Paper No. DETC2016-60171, pp. V004T08A017; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2016-60171
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 21st Design for Manufacturing and the Life Cycle Conference; 10th International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5014-5
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

We present a MEMS microphone that converts the mechanical motion of a diaphragm, generated by acoustic waves, to an electrical output voltage by capacitive fingers. The sensitivity of a microphone is one of the most important properties of its design. The sensitivity is proportional to the applied bias voltage. However, it is limited by the pull-in voltage, which causes the parallel plates to collapse and prevents the device from functioning properly. The presented MEMS microphone is biased by repulsive force instead of attractive force to avoid pull-in instability. A unit module of the repulsive force sensor consists of a grounded moving finger directly above a grounded fixed finger placed between two horizontally seperated voltage fixed fingers. The moving finger experiences an asymmetric electrostatic field that generates repulsive force that pushes it away from the substrate. Because of the repulsive nature of the force, the applied voltage can be increased for better sensitivity without the risk of pull-in failure. To date, the repulsive force has been used to engage a MEMS actuator such as a micro-mirror, but we now apply it for a capacitive sensor. Using the repulsive force can revolutionize capacitive sensors in many applications because they will achieve better sensitivity. Our simulations show that the repulsive force allows us to improve the sensitivity by increasing the bias voltage. The applied voltage and the back volume of a standard microphone have stiffening effects that significantly reduce its sensitivity. We find that proper design of the back volume and capacitive fingers yield promising results without pull-in instability.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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