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A Strain Distribution Based Classification of Ortho-Planar Springs: An Outlook to Piezoelectric Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
R. B. van Kempen, J. L. Herder, N. Tolou

Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands

Paper No. DETC2016-59250, pp. V004T08A013; 12 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 21st Design for Manufacturing and the Life Cycle Conference; 10th International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5014-5
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Ortho-planar springs are characterized by their planar shape and the dominant out of plane motion. These springs have benefits for integration in piezoelectric energy harvesting transducers, because of their compactness and monolithic planar manufacturing. The operating behavior in the first low frequency bending mode can be optimized by obtaining an appropriate strain distribution. A holistic design approach is proposed that contains both the focus on strain distribution as on the low frequency dynamic operation challenge. Therefore a classification based on the strain distribution has been made, which is derived from the perspective of loading, clamping and geometry of single flexures of ortho-planar springs. A comparison based on the type of strain (bending/torsion ratio), strain inversion,off-axis stiffness and the natural frequency-normalized area factor (NFNA) has been performed. The double clamped folded configuration shows the most potential for future optimal low frequency transducer designs.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Springs



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