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Optimization for Anisotropy in Additively Manufactured Lattice Structures

[+] Author Affiliations
Tino Stanković, Jochen Mueller, Kristina Shea

ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Paper No. DETC2016-59494, pp. V02AT03A027; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2016-59494
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2A: 42nd Design Automation Conference
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5010-7
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The build orientation of fabricated parts is one the most influential factors affecting material properties in many Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes. Applications such as the optimization of lattice structures for AM, are particularly affected as knowledge of the anisotropy model of the material is crucial. The investigation in this paper shows the influence of material anisotropy and build orientation on the optimized lattice structure designs. First, a material property characterization study for both compression and tension states of a single material is carried out for the example of inkjet 3D printing. Then, a generalized optimality criteria method is extended for the optimal sizing of single material and fixed topology lattice structures with respect to displacement, stress and Euler buckling constraints. The stress and Euler buckling constraints are formulated as side constraints that are handled in combination with fully-stressed design recursion. The results demonstrate the effect of anisotropy on the optimized designs caused by individual struts’ build orientation. This demonstrates the need to include anisotropic models in the optimization in order to produce solutions that can be fabricated and tested.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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