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Lifting Motions During Patient Repositioning in Novice and Experienced Nurses: A Pilot Study

[+] Author Affiliations
Abigail Holmes, Jessie Opella, Aimee Cloutier, James Yang, Patricia R. DeLucia

Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

Paper No. DETC2016-59675, pp. V01AT02A065; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2016-59675
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: 36th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5007-7
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2014, nursing and residential care facilities had the highest incidence rate of total nonfatal occupational injury cases in the U.S. Manual patient handling tasks result in high lumbar load (Jager et al., 2013), and most of work-related back disorders in nurses are related to patient transfers. The present pilot study seeks to determine if there are significant differences in the motion of experienced nurses and novice nurses while performing the same patient repositioning tasks. A motion capture experiment was conducted in a laboratory setting on 14 female nurses performing two patient repositioning tasks (moving patient toward the head of the bed; transferring patient from bed to a wheelchair). Of the nurses selected, 7 were experienced nurses (greater than 5 years of nursing experience), and 7 were novice nurses (between 0 and 2 years of nursing experience). The motion capture data were post processed using Cortex and Visual3D software. Average and maximum joint angles for the spine, knees, elbows, and shoulders for each task were compared between the novice and experienced nurses using a Wilcoxon Rank Sum test to determine whether there were significant differences in motion for the same patient repositioning tasks. Although significant differences were not found for average or maximum joint angles between the novice and experienced groups, there was a significant difference in variances between the novice and experienced groups for some angles for the wheelchair task.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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