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Influence of Fixed Pitch Angle on the Performance of Small Scale H-Darrieus

[+] Author Affiliations
Teresa Parra-Santos, Diego J. Palomar Trullen, Maria Regidor-Sanchez, Francisco Castro

University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

Armando Gallegos

University of Guanajuato, Salamanca, Mexico

Cristobal N. Uzarraga

Technologic Institute of Durango, Durango, Mexico

Paper No. FEDSM2016-7503, pp. V01BT29A001; 5 pages
  • ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1B, Symposia: Fluid Mechanics (Fundamental Issues and Perspectives; Industrial and Environmental Applications); Multiphase Flow and Systems (Multiscale Methods; Noninvasive Measurements; Numerical Methods; Heat Transfer; Performance); Transport Phenomena (Clean Energy; Mixing; Manufacturing and Materials Processing); Turbulent Flows — Issues and Perspectives; Algorithms and Applications for High Performance CFD Computation; Fluid Power; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Marine Hydrodynamics
  • Washington, DC, USA, July 10–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5029-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


The performance of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) is numerically analyzed. Influence of fixed pitch angle is studied to get tendencies on the characteristic curves. The set up corresponds with an H-Darrieus with three straight NACA airfoils attached to a vertical shaft. Two-dimensional, transient, Navier Stokes equations are solved with a Third-Order Muscl scheme using SIMPLE to couple pressure and velocity. At least three revolutions must be simulated to get the periodic behaviour. Transition SST turbulence model has been chosen based on literature. Pitch angles of −6° and −10° have been analyzed with Tip Speed Ratios ranging from 0.7 and 1.6. The pitch angle of −10° improves the performance of the wind turbine. Instantaneous and averaged power coefficients as well as detailed flow field around the airfoils are shown.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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