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Core Seismic Experiment of a Full-Scale Single Model for a Fast Reactor

[+] Author Affiliations
Akihisa Iwasaki

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, LTD, Takasago, Japan

Naoki Sawa, Shinichiro Matsubara

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, LTD, Kobe, Japan

Seiji Kitamura

Japan Atomic Energy Agency, O-arai, Japan

Shigeki Okamura

Mitsubishi FBR Systems, Shibuya, Japan

Paper No. PVP2016-63461, pp. V008T08A044; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2016-63461
From:
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 8: Seismic Engineering
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5046-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

A fast reactor core consists of several hundred core elements, which are hexagonal flexible beams embedded at the lower support plate in a hexagonal arrangement, separated by small gaps, and immersed in a fluid. Core elements have no support for vertical fixing in order to avoid the influence of thermal expansion and swelling. These days, in Japan, larger earthquake vibrations are postulated in seismic evaluations. So, it is necessary to consider vertical displacements (rising) and horizontal displacements of the core elements simultaneously because vertical seismic vibrations are larger than the acceleration of gravity. The 3D vibration behavior is affected by the fluid force of the ambient coolant and contact with the surrounding core elements.

In this study, single-model vibration tests using a full-scale test model were conducted, and the basic characteristics of 3D vibration behavior of the core element were examined. In addition, structures restricting vertical displacements (dashpot structure) were devised, and their effectiveness was verified. As a result of the tests, the effects of the ambient condition (in air, in static water, and in flowing water), gap between the pads, vibration directions, vibration waves, and dashpot structures on the vibration behavior of the core element were examined. As regards the ambient condition, the vertical displacements were larger in flowing water that simulates the coolant flow than in air and in static water, because of upward fluid force in flowing water. As regards the gap between the pads, the larger the gaps was, the stronger the interferences due to horizontal displacements, and the smaller the vertical displacements were. The dashpot structure was verified to be suitable for reducing vertical displacements.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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