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Two Different Approaches to Simulate J-Groove Joints

[+] Author Affiliations
Iñigo Terreros, Sébastien Gallee, Rémi Lacroix

ESI-France, Lyon, France

Vincent Robin, Florence Gommez

AREVA NP, Lyon, France

Philippe Gilles

GEP-INT (SA), La Défense, France

Jean-Michel Chanussot

AREVA NP, Chalon-sur-Saône, France

Paper No. PVP2016-63524, pp. V06BT06A005; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2016-63524
From:
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5043-5
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The large thickness of most of the heavy components in Pressurized Water Reactors often lead to use multi-pass welding processes. Distortion tolerance and maximal residual stress requirements if any are difficult to fulfill by simply adjusting welding processes with a trial-and-error procedure. This is the main reason why AREVA has developed a robust methodology to perform welding numerical simulations leading to have a better understanding of the phenomena involved during the process.

The present work details a 3D method successfully used to simulate a peripheral adapter J-Groove attachment weld in a vessel head [1] and compares the results to those obtained with a 3D simplified method.

The first method is the state of the art method use for solving Computational Welding Mechanics problems. It is a transient “step by step” 3D simulation using an equivalent moving heat source as input. The second method is a simplified one. First, an equivalent thermal cycle is obtained from a 3D stationary thermal simulation. This thermal cycle is representative of the welding parameters. This thermal cycle is then prescribed to all nodes in a given sector of the weld. This simplified method is called “prescribed thermal cycle” method.

A comparison between displacements and stresses obtained by both methods is completed in order to validate the hypothesis of the simplified approach. The results show a good agreement between the transient “step by step” method and the simplified one. Furthermore, the simplified method speeds up the calculations by a factor of 10. These performances offer the possibility to simulate a multi-pass welding of Pressurized Water Reactor components in a limited calculation time, providing an efficient decision making tool for engineering purpose.

This work is the result of a fruitful collaboration between AREVA and ESI-FRANCE. All the computations are performed with SYSWELD™ software [3].

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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