Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Development and Application of Oxide Wedging Crack Growth Model for CANDU Zr-2.5Nb Pressure Tubes

[+] Author Affiliations
Douglas A. Scarth, Preeti Doddihal

Kinectrics, Inc., Toronto, ON, Canada

Monique Ip

Bruce Power, Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. PVP2016-63987, pp. V06AT06A035; 12 pages
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6A: Materials and Fabrication
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5042-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Surface breaking and subsurface manufacturing flaws have been detected by in-service ultrasonic examination in a number of CANDU reactor Zr-2.5Nb pressure tubes. The manufacturing flaws are oriented in the circumferential direction in the Zr-2.5Nb pressure tube, and are axially aligned along the pressure tube. Metallographic examination of these flaws in an ex-service Zr-2.5Nb pressure tube revealed a series of parallel circumferentially oriented discontinuous features oriented at an angle of nominally 40 degrees relative to the axial direction in the pressure tube. Since the surface breaking flaws are exposed to the reactor coolant, it was considered prudent to evaluate potential growth of the flaws by an oxide wedging crack growth mechanism. Oxide wedging crack growth is a slow crack growth mechanism that can occur when zirconium oxide forms on the crack faces due to a corrosion reaction with the reactor coolant. An oxide wedging crack growth model was developed to predict crack growth rates and future flaw sizes as a part of the fitness-for-service evaluation of a Zr-2.5Nb pressure tube containing this type of manufacturing flaw. The model was then applied to predict crack growth from manufacturing flaws that were detected in an operating pressure tube, and the evaluation results were used as part of the justification for continued operation.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In