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Wave Propagation Across the Interface of Fluid-Structure Interaction With Various Surface Conditions of Solid Medium

[+] Author Affiliations
Tomohisa Kojima, Kazuaki Inaba, Kosuke Takahashi

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Japan

Paper No. PVP2016-63746, pp. V004T04A003; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2016-63746
From:
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5040-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

This study aims to clarify the effect of surface conditions of solid on wave propagation at solid-fluid interface with fluid-structure interaction. Although many studies have been done to develop the theoretical models of fluid-structure interaction caused by wave propagation, they do not take into account the surface conditions of the solid medium on the solid-fluid interface where interaction occurs. In this study, we experimentally investigated the wave propagation across the solid-fluid interface with several value of surface wettabilities and roughnesses of solid. We conducted an impact experiment with a free-falling projectile which hit the cylindrical solid buffer placed on top of the water surface within the elastic tube standing on the ground. During the experiments, cavitation bubbles were generated from the interface of the buffer and water. That generation was inhibited according to the decrease of the value of the contact angle (improve of the wettability) of the buffer surface. The amplitude of transmitted pressure wave from the buffer to water become smaller than the theoretical value according to the decrease of the value of the contact angle on the buffer surface (the smallest value was 55% of the theoretical value). Concerning the surface roughness, the amplitude of transmitted pressure wave becomes smaller than the theoretical value according to the shape of the buffer surface become more different from flat surface (the smallest value was 75% of the theoretical value). These experimental results indicate that by taking into account the surface condition of the solid on the interface, more accurate model of fluid-structure interaction or ways to reduce the damage of structures by fluid-structure interaction would be proposed.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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