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A Simple Approach for Including Weld Residual Stresses in the Calculation of Pipe Circumferential Through-Wall Crack Opening Displacements

[+] Author Affiliations
Richard Olson

Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH

Paper No. PVP2016-63169, pp. V003T03A070; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 3: Design and Analysis
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5039-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Current methodologies for predicting the crack opening displacement (COD) of circumferentially through-wall cracked pipe do not include the effect of weld residual stresses (WRS). Even the most advanced COD prediction methodology only includes the effect of applied axial force, bending moment, and crack face pressure. For some years, it has been known that weld residual stresses do alter the COD, but there has been no convenient way to include them in a COD prediction without doing case-specific finite element analyses.

This paper documents a generalized solution for including WRS effects on COD. The model uses a closed-form analytic solution to approximate the crack face rotations that the WRS would induce which, subsequently, can be added to the typical axial force-bending-crack face pressure COD solution. The methodology is described and the basic equations for the solution are presented. Following this, application to cases to evaluate the efficacy of the approach are presented which show a mixture of results ranging from amazingly good to “of questionable value” with respect to the FEA results.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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