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Failure of Thin-Walled Pipes With D/T up to 140 and Conclusions for the Design Codes

[+] Author Affiliations
Henry Schau, Michael Johannes

TUEV SUED Energietechnik GmbH, Mannheim, Germany

Lilit Mkrtchyan

Cooperative State University, Mannheim, Germany

Paper No. PVP2016-63098, pp. V003T03A014; 9 pages
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 3: Design and Analysis
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5039-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


The influence of imperfections on the instability bending moment of thin-walled straight pipes with D/t-ratios (D - outside diameter, t - wall thickness) up to 140 is determined using nonlinear Finite Element (FE) analyses. The analyses show that the type and size of the imperfection, the D/t ratio and the material properties have significant influences on the instability moment. The nominal bending stress of pipes (yield stress 500 MPa) with D/t > 70 and an ovality of 0.5% is smaller than the yield stress at the instability point. That means, the failure occurs by buckling in the elastic range of the nominal bending stress. In static analyses the moment decreases abruptly after reaching the instability moment. In the dynamic analyses the pipe jumps abruptly to the state with smaller moment. The obtained results are applied to calculate the B2 index for pipes with D/t ≤ 140. The B2 indices for thin-walled straight pipes with D/t > 40 are considerably higher than 1.0. In general, there is a good agreement between the calculated B2 values and the values of the ASME Code. A correction factor for higher temperatures is not necessary. The allowable moments calculated with the B2 index and the stress intensification factor i are compared. The bending moments from disabled thermal expansion and anchor movements have the same effect on the failure due to (plastic) buckling as the primary moments and must be taken into account.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Design , Pipes , Failure



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