Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

FEM Stress Analysis of Long-Term Sealing Performance for Bolted Pipe Flange Connections With PTFE Blended Gaskets Under Elevated Temperature

[+] Author Affiliations
Koji Sato

Nippon Valqua Industries, ltd., Gojo, Japan

Toshiyuki Sawa

Hiroshima University, Koto-ku, Japan

Takashi Kobayashi

National Institute of Technology, Numazu, Japan

Paper No. PVP2016-63372, pp. V002T02A007; 9 pages
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 2: Computer Technology and Bolted Joints
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5038-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Mechanical characteristics of bolted pipe flange connections with PTFE blended gaskets under elevated temperature are examined using FEM calculations and experiments. Firstly, the basic characteristics of the PTFE blended gaskets are measured such as the stress-strain curves, the thermal expansion coefficient and the relationship between the contact gasket stress and the leak rate at room temperature and some high temperature. The leak rates of the gasket at the averaged gasket stress are measured using the rigid platen. In addition, the creep characteristics of the gaskets are measured using the rigid platen under elevated temperature. Then, using the gasket basic characteristics measured above, the FEM calculations are carried out to analyze the mechanical characteristics such as 1) changes in axial bolt forces (the load factor), 2) the contact gasket stress distributions, 3) flange hub stress. Then, the sealing performance of bolted pipe flange connections is predicted using the contact gasket stress distributions obtained from the FEM calculations and the relationship between the gasket stress and the leak rate.

In the FEM calculations, the value of the load factor due to the internal pressure is obtained as φg = 0.12. Furthermore, the sealing performance in long-term is estimated using the change in the axial bolt forces (creep) and the contact gasket stress distributions under heat cycle and internal pressure. For verification of the FEM calculations, the experiments were performed to measure the load factor (change in axial bolt forces), the leak rate of the connection at each temperature, and the hub stress. The FEM results are in a fairly good agreement with the measured results. In addition, the reduction in the contact gasket stress due to the heat cycle, internal pressure and the creep is demonstrated and the effect of the nominal diameter of pipe flanges on the sealing performance is shown.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In