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Comparison Between Different Calculation Methods for Determining Bolting Up Moments

[+] Author Affiliations
Alexander Mutz

Kernkraftwerk Gösgen-Däniken AG, Däniken, Switzerland

Manfred Schaaf

Amtec Advanced Measurements Messtechnischer Service GmbH, Lauffen, Germany

Paper No. PVP2016-63096, pp. V002T02A004; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 2: Computer Technology and Bolted Joints
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 17–21, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5038-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


There are several different standards for flange calculation used in the European and so in the Suisse context. The European Standard EN 1591-1 that is used for the calculation of bolted flanged joints and EN 13555 in which the determination of the required gasket characteristics are defined were reissued in 2013 and in 2014, respectively.

The ASME BPVC, Section III, Appendix 11 regulates the flange calculation for class 2 and 3 components in Suisse nuclear power plants it is also used for class 1 flange connections. A standard for the determination of the required gasket characteristics is not well established which leads to a lack of clarity. As a hint, different m and y values for different kind of gaskets are invented in ASME BPVC Section III. As cited in the Note of table XI-3221.1-1 the values m and y are not mandatory. In Switzerland, mainly the ASME BPVC should be used for the calculation of flange connections. The aim of the ASME Code is more or less not the tightness of the flanges but the integrity. Therefore, stresses are derived for dimensioning the flanges. Following loads are not considered neither for calculation of stresses nor for calculation of tightness. Considering the experience with flanges in general it could be asked, if it is more useful to look at the tightness than at the stresses.

The codes KTA 3201.2 and KTA 3211.2 regulate the calculation of flange connections in German nuclear power plants. Stresses in floating type and in metal-to-metal contact type of flange connections and the tightness are calculated for the different load cases.

In this paper, the differences in the calculations are shown between KTA 3211.2, ASME BPVC, Section III, Appendix 11, EN 1591-1 and Finite element calculations. In all load cases leakage shouldn’t occur. Therefore, internal pressure and temperature in test and operational conditions after bolting-up are also considered for the stress calculation if it is possible in the calculation algorithm.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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