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Heat Sink Performance Improvement by Way of Nanofluids

[+] Author Affiliations
J. L. Zúñiga-Cerroblanco, C. Ulises Gonzalez-Valle, Daniel Lorenzini-Gutierrez, Abel Hernandez-Guerrero

Universidad de Guanajuato, Salamanca, Mexico

Jaime Cervantes de Gortari

UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico

Paper No. HT2016-1027, pp. V002T21A001; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 2: Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat Transfer in Electronic Equipment; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Heat Transfer Under Extreme Conditions; Computational Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Visualization Gallery; General Papers on Heat Transfer; Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
  • Washington, DC, USA, July 10–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5033-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


The new generation of integrated-circuit chips demands novel cooling techniques for enhancing device performance. Air-cooling techniques are not sufficient anymore to reach the necessary dissipation for these devices while liquid-cooling techniques have proved to be an efficient solution. The addition of nanoparticles to conventional cooling fluid changes its thermo-physical properties based on the type of the particle material, base fluid, particle volume fraction and size, pumping power, etc. The present study proposes a flow field pattern for a nanofluid-cooled heat sink in order to improve the heat transfer and the flow distribution based on a new design. Al2O3 - water nanofluid is the working fluid. The results show the comparison between the simple conventional use of water and the use of a nanofluid, by way of implementing critical factors for performance evaluation: thermal resistance, temperature uniformity, highest base temperature, and pressure drop. The analysis enables to determine that the heat sink thermal performance is definitely improved by the use of a nanofluid.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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