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Experimental Investigation on Cryogenic Line Chill-Down Process by Using Liquid Nitrogen

[+] Author Affiliations
Lingxue Jin, Changgi Park, Cheonkyu Lee, Sangkwon Jeong

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Mansu Seo, Hyokjin Cho

Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Paper No. HT2016-7159, pp. V002T08A011; 7 pages
  • ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 2: Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat Transfer in Electronic Equipment; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Heat Transfer Under Extreme Conditions; Computational Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Visualization Gallery; General Papers on Heat Transfer; Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
  • Washington, DC, USA, July 10–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5033-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Generally, a part of transporting liquids are used as the coolant to chill down the transfer line. Minimizing the line chill-down time and the consumption of the cryogenic propellant during the line chill-down is a mainly concerned issue. In this study, the cryogenic line chill-down experiments are conducted on a 12.7 mm outer diameter, 1.25 mm wall thickness and 7 m long stainless steel horizontal pipe with liquid nitrogen (LN2) injection. The pipe is vacuum jacketed to reduce the heat inleak from room temperature to the cryogenic liquid. The temperature and the pressure profiles of the chill-down line are obtained at the location 6 meters away from the pipe inlet under various mass flow rates. The history of the transient temperature, the pressure and the mass flow rate during the line chill-down process are monitored for various cases. The relationship between the line chill-down time and the mass flow rate is analyzed and presented for one representative pipe line geometry.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Nitrogen



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