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Dynamics of Droplet Motion Induced by Electrowetting

[+] Author Affiliations
Yi Lu, Aritra Sur, Dong Liu, Carmen Pascente, Paul Ruchhoeft

University of Houston, Houston, TX

Paper No. HT2016-7331, pp. V001T04A007; 11 pages
  • ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Theory and Fundamentals in Heat Transfer; Nanoscale Thermal Transport; Heat Transfer in Equipment; Heat Transfer in Fire and Combustion; Transport Processes in Fuel Cells and Heat Pipes; Boiling and Condensation in Macro, Micro and Nanosystems
  • Washington, DC, USA, July 10–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5032-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Electrowetting has drawn significant interests due to the potential applications in electronic displays, lab-on-a-chip devices and electro-optical switches, etc. Current understanding of electrowetting-induced droplet dynamics is hindered by the inadequacy of available numerical and theoretical models in properly handling the dynamic contact angle at the moving contact line. A combined numerical and experimental approach was employed in this work to study the spatiotemporal responses of a droplet subject to EW with both direct current and alternating current actuating signals. The time evolution of the droplet shape was measured using high-speed photography. Computational fluid dynamics models were developed by using the Volume of Fluid-Continuous Surface Force method in conjunction with a selected dynamic contact angle model. It was found that the numerical models were able to accurately predict the key parameters of the electrowetting-induced droplet dynamics.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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