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Numerical Investigation on a Latent Thermal Energy Storage With Aluminum Foam

[+] Author Affiliations
Bernardo Buonomo, Davide Ercole, Oronzio Manca, Sergio Nardini

Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, Italy

Paper No. HT2016-7255, pp. V001T01A003; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Theory and Fundamentals in Heat Transfer; Nanoscale Thermal Transport; Heat Transfer in Equipment; Heat Transfer in Fire and Combustion; Transport Processes in Fuel Cells and Heat Pipes; Boiling and Condensation in Macro, Micro and Nanosystems
  • Washington, DC, USA, July 10–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5032-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


In this paper, a numerical investigation on Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System (LHTESS) based on a phase change material (PCM) in a metal foam is accomplished. A vertical shell and tube LHTESS made with two concentric aluminum tubes is investigated. The internal surface of the hollow cylinder is at a constant temperature above the PCM melting temperature to simulate the heat transfer from a hot fluid. The other external surfaces are assumed adiabatic. The phase change of the PCM is modeled with the enthalpy porosity theory while the metal foam is considered as a porous media that obeys to the Darcy-Forchheimer law. Local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE) model is assumed to analyze the metal foam and some comparison are accomplished with the local thermal equilibrium model assumption. The governing equations are solved employing the Ansys-Fluent 15 code. Numerical simulations for PCM, PCM in the porous medium in LTE and in LTNE assumptions are obtained. Results as a function of time for the charging phase are carried out for different porosities and assigned pore per inch (PPI).

The results show that at high porosity the LTE and LTNE models have the same melting time while at low porosity the LTNE has a larger melting time. Moreover, the presence of metal foam improves significantly the heat transfer in the LHTESS giving a very faster phase change process with respect to pure PCM, reducing the melting time more than one order of magnitude.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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