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Simulation of Gas-Hydrate Slurry Stratified Flow With Inward and Outward Hydrate Growth Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Bohui Shi, Yang Liu, Lin Ding, Jing Gong

China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing, China

Xiaofang Lv

Chang Zhou University, Changzhou, China

Paper No. IPC2016-64303, pp. V002T08A004; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2016-64303
From:
  • 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 2: Pipeline Safety Management Systems; Project Management, Design, Construction and Environmental Issues; Strain Based Design; Risk and Reliability; Northern Offshore and Production Pipelines
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5026-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The topic of hydrate formation and blocking in offshore petroleum industry has attracted more and more attentions, which is known as one of the flow assurance issues. A new technology has been proposed to avoid the occurrence of hydrate blockage in multiphase transportation system, which is hydrate slurry flow technology, also named as cold flow technology. The low dosage hydrate inhibitor of anti-agglomerate was added into the flow systems to allow hydrate formation in the liquid phase while it prevented the aggregation of hydrate particles. Thus these particles were evacuated with the liquid phase as pseudo-fluid like slurry. In this work, an inward and outward hydrate growth shell model coupled with two phase flow hydrodynamic model was applied to investigate the characteristics of gas-hydrate slurry stratified flow. The inward and outward hydrate growth shell model considered the kinetics, mass transfer and heat transfer process of hydrate formation, which could predict the hydrate formation rate and the released heat. The two phase flow hydrodynamic model included mass, momentum and energy equations. A case for an inclined pipeline was simulated using the combined models. The results showed that once the kinetic requirements for hydrate crystallization was satisfied, hydrates would form quickly at the initial stage and then hydrate formation rate would decrease obviously due to the limitation of mass transfer and heat transfer. Meanwhile, the flow characteristics, such as the liquid holdup and pressure drop, were predicted by the model, which also provided an acceptable results about the state of hydrates (onset time of formation, formation rate, volume fraction, etc.) in multiphase system for the operation engineers in the field. The key parameters of the inward and outward hydrate growth shell model were determined by referring to the literatures. To investigate the reliability and influence of these set values on the results, a sensitivity analysis of the key parameters of the shell model was implemented. Further works should be done, such as the flow mechanism in other flow regimes as well as the influence of particle aggregation.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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