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Measuring Critical Strains in Dent Defect of Oil and Gas Pipes

[+] Author Affiliations
Jandark Oshana-Jajo, Jamshid Zohrehheydariha, Hossein Ghaednia, Sreekanta Das

University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada

Paper No. IPC2016-64097, pp. V001T03A054; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2016-64097
From:
  • 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 1: Pipelines and Facilities Integrity
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5025-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Steel pipelines are exposed to harsh environmental, geotechnical and other conditions and hence, they can be damaged. The damage can threaten the structural integrity of the pipeline and can cause economic loss and environmental damage if a failure occurs. A common way for pipelines to be damaged is through physical contact, creating a structural imperfection, dent, wrinkle, crack, and/or other damages or defects. A dent disrupts the pipeline’s circularity causing increased strains in concentrated areas. A research program was established and carried out to study the strain concentration of dented pipes. The study was completed using full-scale laboratory testing and numerical analysis at the Centre for Engineering Research in Pipelines (CERP). This study included four lab tests on two different pipe materials (X70 and X56) and finite element analysis (FEA) based parametric study.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Pipes

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