Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Study of a Plastic Strain Limit Damage Criterion for Pipeline Mechanical Damage Using FEA and Full-Scale Denting Tests

[+] Author Affiliations
Udayasankar Arumugam, Ming Gao, Ravi Krishnamurthy

Blade Energy Partners, Houston, TX

Rick Wang, Richard Kania

TransCanada Pipeline Limited, Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. IPC2016-64548, pp. V001T03A034; 10 pages
  • 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 1: Pipelines and Facilities Integrity
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5025-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Pipeline constructed in rocky terrain is vulnerable to damages such as denting, gouging and other mechanical damages. In-line inspection (ILI) of these pipelines often reported several hundreds or even thousands of dents. Although most of these reported dents are well below 6% outside diameter (OD) depth limit as per ASME B31.8, few dents (sharp rock dents) with high strain could pose threat to integrity of the pipeline. Recently, strain-based models have been proposed to assess mechanical damage severity in pipelines. Attempts have also been made to characterize cracking susceptibility in rock dents using the critical strain based ductile failure damage indicator (DFDI) model. The objective of this study is to validate this model using full-scale denting tests conducted at the laboratory. Additionally, validation also extends to against the simplified DFDI model without finite element analysis (FEA).

In this paper, the existing ASME strain limit and strain limit damage models are reviewed. The critical strain based strain damage model known as Ductile Failure Damage Indicator (DFDI) is then presented. The theoretical aspect of this model, including early work by Hancock and Mackenzie on strain limit (εf, reference failure strain) for ductile failure, is reviewed. The experimental aspect of material critical strain and its measurement using uni-axial tensile testing are then described. An elastic-plastic finite element analysis is employed to calculate DFDI, which is used to quantify the accumulated plastic strain damage and its susceptibility to cracking, and is validated using six full scale denting tests.

Finally, the simplified strain limits for plain dent is proposed and validated.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In