0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Evaluation of Fatigue in Gas Pipelines

[+] Author Affiliations
Vlad Semiga, Sanjay Tiku, Aaron Dinovitzer

BMT Fleet Technology Limited, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Wendy Wagster

Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, Washington, DC

Paper No. IPC2016-64486, pp. V001T03A027; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2016-64486
From:
  • 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 1: Pipelines and Facilities Integrity
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5025-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

There is a commonly held belief that internal operational pressure fluctuations of a gas pipeline is less likely to result in fatigue cracking than a liquid pipeline. A defensible engineering analysis process, demonstrating that this observation remains valid for all gas pipeline systems regardless of operation (i.e. transmission, bi-directional flow at storage facilities), existing features (i.e. dents or preexisting cracks), material properties (i.e. pipe vintage, grade) and pipeline geometry, needs to be developed. The work reported in this paper describes the work sponsored by the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America (INGAA) to support gas pipeline operators in completing Integrity Verification Programs (IVP) by defining which pipeline segments can reasonably be considered to be at risk of fatigue damage accumulation and which are not.

This paper presents an overview of the work completed to develop a defensible approach to demonstrate the conditions under which pipeline pressure fluctuation induced fatigue is not a concern. The development of this approach, presented in this paper, considers the results of a survey of the range of cyclic severities experienced by gas pipeline operators, typical feature types and sizes that could exist in a pipeline system (i.e. mechanical damage, cracking) and the role of material properties on these assessments. The paper includes the development of directions as to the collection and analysis of SCADA pressure data to produce a pressure spectrum severity indicator (SSI) characterizing the fatigue damage potential of an operational history. This SSI is used along with fatigue susceptibility tables indicating the conditions for which fatigue would not be a concern for a pipeline segment. The susceptibility criterion relates a pipelines operation, in terms of SSI to the maximum feature size that can exist in the system before fatigue is considered a threat to pipeline integrity.

The information presented in this paper would be of interest to pipeline operators, maintainers, consultants and regulators. The technical work presented in this paper was completed to support compliance with regulatory requirements and may also be used to influence the application of integrity management regulatory requirements on gas pipeline systems by providing information and processes to eliminate the need to consider fatigue as a damage accumulation process or integrity threat.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Fatigue , Pipelines

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In