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The Development and Use of an Absolute Depth Size Specification in ILI-Based Crack Integrity Management of Pipelines

[+] Author Affiliations
Geoff Foreman, Jeffrey Sutherland

GE, PII Pipeline Solutions, Calgary, AB, Canada

Steven Bott

Enbridge Liquid Pipelines, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Stephan Tappert

GE, PII Pipeline Solutions, Stutensee, Germany

Paper No. IPC2016-64224, pp. V001T03A010; 6 pages
  • 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 1: Pipelines and Facilities Integrity
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5025-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


To provide a more insightful and accurate feature description from Crack In-line Inspection (ILI) reporting as per the Fitness For Service analysis in API 1176, individual crack dimensions must be established to a given accuracy. PII Pipeline Solutions established an absolute depth sizing specification conforming to the dig verification processes of API 1163. This change represented a significant shift from a traditional reporting format for depth sizing in “bands” of 1–2 mm, 2–3 mm and > 3 mm depths within crack ILI inspection reporting.

When assessing features with characteristics stated in a sizing band, the pipeline integrity assessment approach required a conservative assumptions that all of the features in that band must be treated as if they are in the deepest band value. The implication then meant that the specification created only 3 sizes of crack depths 1–2 mm, 2–3 mm, > 3 mm (± 0.5mm tolerance at 90% certainty). In practical terms a large quantity of features in the significant band of 2–3 mm must be treated as potential dig candidates with a depth of at least 3 mm, making length characteristics as the only severity ranking basis for any priority dig selection.

Previous attempts at establishing absolute depth sizing for crack inspection required a series of calibration digs. The large sample size over multiple inspection runs and pipeline sections allowed for a statistical specification algorithm is developed as part of the analysis process, therefore no additional reporting time, or excavation cost was involved. The new absolute sizing algorithm has provided operators with a means of prioritizing digs, based upon individual feature length and depths. Replacing the traditional depth bands with individual feature specific peak depths and thereby providing a major step forward in achieving a cost effective process of prioritizing crack mitigation in pipelines.

Following the dig verification process in API 1163, significant populations of infield NDE results were utilized on a variety of pipeline sections of different diameters. Predicted absolute depth estimation accuracy was determined for specific feature types and thereby created a depth tolerance, with statistical certainty levels established that match those available and recognized with metal loss ILI. This paper describes the process and the means by which an absolute depth crack ILI specification was established using characteristics from a significant set of real features. It also describes benefits realized within pipeline integrity engineering of moving to such a new reporting protocol.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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