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Dynamic Modeling and Verification of an Energy-Efficient Greenhouse With Aquaponics

[+] Author Affiliations
Majdi T. Amin, J. Kelly Kissock

University of Dayton, Dayton, OH

Paper No. ES2016-59180, pp. V001T11A005; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2016-59180
From:
  • ASME 2016 10th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2016 Power Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Volume 1: Biofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5022-0
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

This paper describes the application of ‘passive house’ design principles to greenhouses, in order to provide the required thermal environment for fish and plant growth while eliminating the need for conventional cooling and heating systems. To do so, an experimental energy-efficient greenhouse with water-filled tanks that mimic an aquaponic system was designed and constructed using the ‘passive house’ design principles. The greenhouse was extensively instrumented and resulting data were used to verify and calibrate a TRNSYS dynamic simulation model of the greenhouse. The calibrated simulation model was utilized to design commercial-scale greenhouses with aquaponic systems in multiple climates. After relatively minor design and control modifications, the simulations indicate that these designs can provide the required thermal environment for fish and plant growth, while eliminating the need for conventional cooling and heating systems. The work demonstrates that the passive house standard can be applied to improve conventional greenhouse energy efficiency, and that it can be easily adapted to provide excellent performance in diverse climates.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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