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Evaluation of Thermodynamic Properties of Cerium in Liquid Cadmium Cathode Within LiCl-KCl Salt System

[+] Author Affiliations
Dalsung Yoon, Supathorn Phongikaroon

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA

Paper No. ICONE24-60725, pp. V005T15A054; 5 pages
  • 2016 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 5: Student Paper Competition
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5005-3
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Thermodynamic properties of Ce-Cd intermetallic compound were investigated in LiCl-KCl-CeCl3-CdCl2 molten salt system at various temperatures. Six Ce-Cd intermetallic compounds, CeCd, CeCd2, CeCd3, Ce13Cd58, CeCd6, and CeCd11 could be observed via cyclic voltammetry (CV) and the relative Gibbs free energies for the intermetallic formations were estimated by the analysis of the anodic peaks in the CV experiments. Furthermore, an open circuit chronopotentiometry which is known as a suitable method for measuring thermodynamic values of intermetallic compounds were performed. The linear trends of the relative Gibbs free energies were found by using potential difference from CV and CP methods. It can be noted that CV method can be easy and fast tool to estimate relative Gibbs energy for intermetallic compounds of Cd-Ms (metals). For the determination of standard Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy for the intermetallic formation, CP results were used. The linear trend of the Gibbs energy were obtained against temperature changing from 698 K to 823 K. From the linear relationship, the enthalpy and entropy of the formation were calculated.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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