0

Relationship Between Apparent (Total) Charpy Vee-Notch Toughness and the Corresponding Dynamic Crack-Propagation Resistance FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Brian N. Leis

Battelle Energy Systems Group, Columbus, OH

Robert J. Eiber

Robert J. Eiber Consultant, Columbus, OH

L. Carlson

Alliance Pipeline Company, Calgary, AB, Canada

A. Gilroy-Scott

Integrity Management, Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. IPC1998-2084, pp. 723-731; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC1998-2084
From:
  • 1998 2nd International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 2: Design and Construction; Pipeline Automation and Measurement; Environmental Issues; Rotating Equipment Technology
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, June 7–11, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4023-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

The consequences of a dynamic fracture in a gas-transmission pipeline require that pipelines be designed to avoid such incidents at a high level of certainty. For this reason, the related phenomonology has been studied since the early 1970s when the possibility of a dynamic ductile fracture was recognized. Full-scale experiments were done to characterize the fracture and gas dynamics associated with this process and empirical models were developed as a means to represent these experiments in a design or analysis setting. Such experiments focused on pure methane gas, and in the early days used steels with toughnesses less than 100 J, consistent with the steel making capabilities of the 1970s. Subsequently, interest shifted to larger diameter, higher pressure, higher BTU “rich” gases requiring higher toughness steels. The full-scale tests conducted to validate the arrest toughness levels determined that these empirical models were non-conservative.

This paper presents a relationship between the dynamic crack propagation resistance and the apparent crack propagation resistance as measured by Charpy vee-notch (CVN) test specimens. This relationship is used in conjunction with the existing Battelle empirical criterion for dynamic-fracture arrest to determine the apparent toughness required to arrest a propagating ductile fracture in gas-transmission pipelines. The validity of this relationship is illustrated by successful predictions of arrest toughness in pipelines under a range of conditions including rich gases and high-toughness steels, including those showing a rising upper-shelf behavior.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In