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A Full Scale Experimental Study of Fires Following the Rupture of Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Michael R. Acton, Geoff Hankinson

BG Technology Ltd., Loughborough, UK

Blaine P. Ashworth

TransCanada PipeLines, Calgary, AB, Canada

Mohsen Sanai, James D. Colton

SRI International, Menlo Park, CA

Paper No. IPC2000-107, pp. V001T01A008; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2000-107
From:
  • 2000 3rd International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 1: Codes, Standards and Regulations; Design and Constructions; Environmental; GIS/Database Development; Innovative Projects and Emerging Issues
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 1–5, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4024-5
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

The gas industry has an excellent safety record in operating high pressure transmission pipelines. Nevertheless, it is important that pipeline operators have an understanding of the possible consequences of an accidental gas release, which may ignite, in order to help manage the risks involved. This paper describes two full scale experiments, conducted as part of a research programme into the consequences of pipeline failures, undertaken by an international collaboration of gas companies. The experiments involved the deliberate rupture of a 76km length of 914mm diameter natural gas pipeline operating at a pressure of 60 bar, with the released gas ignited immediately following the failure. Instrumentation was deployed to take detailed measurements, which included the weather conditions, the gas outflow, the size and shape of the resulting fire, and the thermal radiation levels. The results provide important data for the validation of mathematical models, used in developing risk assessment methodologies, and in establishing those standards and design codes for gas pipelines that are risk based.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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