Challenges of Hot Tapping Into a Sour Gas Transmission Line PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Ray Goodfellow

Chevron Canada Resources

Rory Belanger

Ludwig and Associates Engineering Ltd.

Paper No. IPC2000-101, pp. V001T01A002; 6 pages
  • 2000 3rd International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 1: Codes, Standards and Regulations; Design and Constructions; Environmental; GIS/Database Development; Innovative Projects and Emerging Issues
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 1–5, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4024-5
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME


Chevron Canada Resources recently completed a hot tap on the Simonette high-pressure sour gas transmission line near Grande Prairie, Alberta. The hot tap was required to bring on new production into the Simonette pipeline without shutting in existing production. The hot tap was completed under full line pressure and gas/condenstate flow during the winter with temperatures averaging −20°C.

The design pressure of the 12 “ Gr. 359 Cat II pipeline is 9930 kPa and the line operates at 8200 kPa. The gas in the main transmission line is approximately 2% H2S and 4% CO2. The gas being brought on through the 4″ hot tap tie-in was 21% H2S and 5% CO2. At the tie-in point the transmission line temperature was 3°C.

Safely welding on the pipeline under these conditions was a considerable technical challenge. In welding sour service lines it is critical that the final weld hardness be below Vickers 248 micro hardness. This can be very difficult to achieve when welding on a line transporting a quenching medium of gas and condensate. In addition, hydrogen charging of the steel from operation in sour service can lead to hydrogen embrittlement during welding.

Ludwig & Associates developed the hot tap weld procedure and extensively tested the procedure to ensure that suitable weld microhardness was achievable under pipeline operating conditions. As part of the procedure development the welder who would perform the hot tap was tested repeatedly until he could confidently and successfully complete the weld. During fieldwork, the welding was rigorously monitored to ensure procedural compliance thereby minimizing the possibility of elevated hardness zones within the completed weldment.

This paper will detail with the technical development of the hot tap welding procedure and the successful field implementation.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In