Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Crack Propagation and Local Failure Simulation of Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Projectile Impact Using RBSM

[+] Author Affiliations
Yoshihito Yamamoto, Soichiro Okazaki, Hikaru Nakamura

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Masuhiro Beppu, Taiki Shibata

National Defense Academy of Japan, Yokosuka, Japan

Paper No. OMAE2016-54969, pp. V009T12A026; 9 pages
  • ASME 2016 35th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 9: Prof. Norman Jones Honoring Symposium on Impact Engineering; Prof. Yukio Ueda Honoring Symposium on Idealized Nonlinear Mechanics for Welding and Strength of Structures
  • Busan, South Korea, June 19–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5000-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


In this paper, numerical simulations of reinforced mortar beams subjected to projectile impact are conducted by using the proposed 3-D Rigid-Body-Spring Model (RBSM) in order to investigate mechanisms of crack propagation and scabbing mode of concrete members under high-velocity impact.

The RBSM is one of the discrete-type numerical methods, which represents a continuum material as an assemblage of rigid particle interconnected by springs. The RBSM have advantages in modeling localized and oriented phenomena, such as cracking, its propagation, frictional slip and so on, in concrete structures. The authors have already developed constitutive models for the 3D RBSM with random geometry generated Voronoi diagram in order to quantitatively evaluate the mechanical responses of concrete including softening and localization fractures, and have shown that the model can simulate cracking and various failure modes of reinforced concrete structures.

In the target tests, projectile velocity is set 200m/s. The reinforced mortar beams with or without the shear reinforcing steel plates were used to investigate the effects of shear reinforcement on the crack propagation and the local failure modes. By comparing the numerical results with the test results, it is confirmed that the proposed model can reproduce well the crack propagation and the local failure behaviors. In addition, effects of the reinforcing plates on the stress wave and the crack propagation behaviors are discussed from the observation of the numerical simulation results. As a result, it was found that scabbing of reinforced mortar beams subjected to high velocity impact which is in the range of the tests is caused by mainly shear deformation of a beam.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In