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Materials Testing of 3D Printed ABS and PLA Samples to Guide Mechanical Design

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel Farbman, Chris McCoy

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

Paper No. MSEC2016-8668, pp. V002T01A015; 12 pages
  • ASME 2016 11th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: Materials; Biomanufacturing; Properties, Applications and Systems; Sustainable Manufacturing
  • Blacksburg, Virginia, USA, June 27–July 1, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4990-3
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


A set of monotonic tensile tests was performed on 3-D printed plastics following ASTM standards. The experiment tested a total of 13 “dog bone” test specimens where the material, infill percentage, infill geometry, load orientation, and strain rate were varied. Strength-to-weight ratios of the various infill geometries were compared. It was found through tensile testing that the specific ultimate tensile strength (MPa/g) decreases as the infill percentage decreases and that hexagonal pattern infill geometry was stronger and stiffer than rectilinear infill. However, in finite element analysis, rectilinear infill showed less deformation than hexagonal infill when the same load was applied. Some design guidelines and future work are presented.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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