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Non-Realizability Problem With Quadrature Method of Moments in Wet-Steam Flows and Solution Techniques

[+] Author Affiliations
Ali Afzalifar, Teemu Turunen-Saaresti, Aki Grönman

Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland

Paper No. GT2016-57796, pp. V008T26A040; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-57796
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Microturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4986-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The quadrature method of moments (QMOM) has recently attracted much attention in representing the size distribution of liquid droplets in wet-steam flows using the n-point Gaussian quadrature. However, solving transport equations of moments using high-order advection schemes is bound to corrupt the moment set, which is then termed a non-realizable moment set. The problem is that the failure and success of the Gaussian quadrature is unconditionally dependent on the realizability of the moment set. First, this article explains the non-realizability problem with the QMOM. Second, it compares two solutions to preserve realizability of the moment sets. The first solution applies a so-called “quasi-high-order” advection scheme specifically proposed for the QMOM to preserve realizability. However, owing to the fact that wet-steam models are usually built on existing numerical solvers, in many cases modifying the available advection schemes is either impossible or not desired. Therefore, the second solution considers correction techniques directly applied to the non-realizable moment sets instead of the advection scheme. These solutions are compared in terms of accuracy in representing the droplet size distribution. It is observed that a quasi-high-order scheme can be reliably applied to guarantee realizability. However, as with all numerical models in an Eulerian reference frame, in general its results are also sensitive to the grid resolution. In contrast, the corrections applied to moments either fail in identifying and correcting the invalid moment sets, or distorts the shape of the droplet size distribution after the correction.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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