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Aerodynamic Excitation Analysis for Variable Tip Gap

[+] Author Affiliations
Thomas Hauptmann, Joerg R. Seume

Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Paper No. GT2016-57217, pp. V07BT34A015; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4984-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


In jet engines, blade repair is often more economical than the replacement of damaged blades with spare parts. Besides such regeneration of turbine blades, blade rubbing and erosion lead to a deviation of the geometry in the tip region of the original blade. These geometric variations can introduce non-uniform flow conditions which in turn may lead to an excitation of the blades. An analysis of the aerodynamic excitation due to typical geometric variations of the radial tip gap, introduced through substantial wear, is numerically investigated using a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) approach. The model was previously validated against experimental data. The results of the analysis show up to 1.6 times higher excitation than in the reference case, because rotor blades are excited by the wakes of the stator vanes and are amplified by a modified tip flow in the rotor passage.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Excitation



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