0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

On the Effect of Axial Spacing Between Rotor and Stator Onto the Blade Vibrations of a Low Pressure Turbine Stage at Engine Relevant Operating Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Andreas Marn, Florian Schönleitner, Mathias Mayr, Thorsten Selic, Franz Heitmeir

Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria

Paper No. GT2016-56069, pp. V07BT34A002; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-56069
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4984-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

In order to achieve the ACARE targets regarding reduction of emissions, it is essential to reduce fuel consumption drastically. Reducing engine weight is supporting this target and one option to reduce weight is to reduce the overall engine length (shorter shafts, nacelle). However, to achieve a reduction in engine length, the spacing between stator and rotor can be minimised, thus changing the rotor blade excitation. Related to the axial spacing, a number of excitation mechanisms with respect to the rotor blading must already be considered during the design process. Based on these facts several setups have been investigated at different engine relevant operating points and axial spacing between the stator and rotor in the subsonic test turbine facility (STTF-AAAI) at the Institute for Thermal Turbomachinery and Machine Dynamics at Graz University of Technology. In order to avoid upstream effects of supporting struts, these struts are located far downstream of the stage which is under investigation. For rotor blade vibration measurements, a novel telemetry system in combination with strain gauges is applied. To the best of the author’s knowledge, the present paper is the first report of blade vibration measurements within a rotating system in the area of low pressure turbines under engine relevant operating conditions. In addition, aerodynamic measurements including unsteady flow measurements have been conducted, but will not be presented in this paper. By analysing the flow field, aerodynamic excitation mechanisms can be identified and assigned to the blade vibration. However, this is not presented in this paper. Within this paper, the flow fields are analysed in both upstream and downstream of the turbine stage, visualised for two axial gaps and then compared to the forced response of the blading. Detailed structural dynamic investigations show critical modes during the operation which are identified by the telemetry measurements as well. Finally the influence of the axial spacing regarding the rotor blade excitation and vibration can be elaborated and is prepared to get a better understanding of basic mechanisms. The paper shows that reducing axial spacing is a promising option for reducing engine weight, but aeroelasticity must be carefully taken into account.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In