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Experimental Investigation of the Upstream Effect of Different Low Pressure Turbine Exit Guide Vane Designs on Rotor Blade Vibration

[+] Author Affiliations
F. Schönleitner, T. Selic, C. Schitter, F. Heitmeir, A. Marn

Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria

Paper No. GT2016-56067, pp. V07BT34A001; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4984-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Exit guide vanes of turbine exit casings are designed to meet aerodynamic, structural and acoustic criteria. New low pressure turbine architectures of aero engines try to optimize components weight in order to decrease the fuel consumption and reduce noise emissions. For this purpose different designs of turbine exit guide vanes (TEGV) exist which vary geometry as well as the number of vanes in the casing. In the subsonic test turbine facility at the Institute for Thermal Turbomachinery and Machine Dynamics of Graz University of Technology, which represents a 1 ½ low pressure turbine stage, the upstream effect of these innovative turbine exit casings (TEC) designs is under investigation. Up to now the influence of the turbine exit casing in relation to the aerodynamic vibration excitation of the rotor blading is not well known. For rotor blade vibration measurements a telemetry system in combination with strain gauges is applied. The present paper is a report of blade vibration measurements within a rotating system in the area of low pressure turbines under engine relevant operating conditions. Within the test phase different turbine exit casings are under investigation at two different operating points (OP). These turbine exit casings represent different design goals, e.g. aerodynamically optimization was performed to reduce losses at the aero design point or an acoustically optimization was done to reduce noise emission at the operating point approach. All these different design intents lead to a changed upstream effect, thus changing rotor blade vibrations. To identify parameters affecting blade vibration attention is paid to aerodynamic measurements as well. Selected results of steady and unsteady flow field measurements are analyzed to draw conclusions. The upstream effect of different turbine exit casings can be quantified at OP1. Depending on the vane number both the potential effect of the TEGV increase and the upstream effect as well. Aerodynamic as well as acoustic improvements as wanted with H-TEC and inverse-cut-off TEC lead to unfavorable conditions and higher blade loading in comparison to the referenced TEC. OP2 provides additional information of downstream effects. Due to the stator vane number the rotor blading is excited in its 4th eigenfrequency. The comparison between all investigated turbine exit casings with respect to the referenced configuration provides a basis for numerical code validation and future developments.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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