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Performance Analysis of Hybrid Brush Pocket Damper Seals Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
Alexander O. Pugachev, Clemens Griebel

Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Garching, Germany

Stacie Tibos, Bernard Charnley

GE Power, Rugby, UK

Paper No. GT2016-57418, pp. V07BT31A025; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-57418
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4984-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, a hybrid brush pocket damper seal is studied theoretically using computational fluid dynamics. In the hybrid sealing arrangement, the brush seal element with cold clearance is placed downstream of a 4-bladed, 8-pocket, fully partitioned pocket damper seal. The new seal geometry is derived based on designs of short brush-labyrinth seals studied in previous works. Transient CFD simulations coupled with the multi-frequency rotor excitation method are performed to determine frequency-dependent stiffness and damping coefficients of pocket damper seals. A moving mesh technique is applied to model the shaft motion on a predefined whirling orbit. The rotordynamic coefficients are calculated from impedances obtained in frequency domain. The pocket damper seal CFD model is validated against available experimental and numerical results found in the literature. Bristle pack in the brush seal CFD model is described as porous medium. The applied brush seal model is validated using the measurements obtained in previous works from two test rigs. Predicted leakage characteristics as well as stiffness and damping coefficients of the hybrid brush pocket damper seal are presented for different operating conditions. In this case, the rotordynamic coefficients are calculated using a single-frequency transient simulation. By adding the brush seal, direct stiffness is predicted to be significantly decreased while effective damping shows a more moderate or no reduction depending on excitation frequency. Effective clearance results indicate more than halved leakage compared to the case without brush seal.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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